What Is Psychology: Science Or Art
Is psychology science, art, or psychology? These questions can be answered easily, but it’s difficult to say whether psychology is art or science. Wilhelm Wundt, the first scientist to collect scientific data from psychology, established it. Psychology can be defined as the study and analysis of human behaviour and mind. It is not yet clear if it can be scientifically studied. Science is, however, knowledge that can be derived through empirical results. It is therefore difficult to answer the question of whether psychological theories can be objectively studied by empirical results. I will defend my position that psychology can be considered fusion science and art.
Wilson (2012) discussed the issue in one his articles, “Stop bullying’soft science'”. This article stated that many scientists don’t believe psychology is a scientific discipline. He said that the debate reached a new level when Congress voted to end funding from the National Science Foundation for research in political science. A writer even supports the idea that social science research should not be funded through the National Science Foundation. Charles Lane stated, “unlike hypotheses within the hard sciences,” that hypotheses regarding society cannot be proven or disproven through experimentation. He also said that critics of him were angry because he claimed social scientists should get credit for their contributions to people’s benefit in so many ways. Research psychologists have helped to reduce or prevent social problems like child abuse, depression, and teenage pregnancy. He said that some programs in social psychology have been tested and verified to be effective by social psychological experiments. Wilson (2012) concluded the social science field is imperfect because of human behaviour. However, it is clear that psychological experiments have been beneficial to many people, even those who don’t believe in science. He pointed out that science must adhere to five essential requirements. These include clearly defined terminology, quantifiability (under controlled conditions), (4) reproducibility, and predicability and testability. Berezow provided an example on how to define happiness. Berezow (2012) said that human behavior cannot be predicted. It is dangerous to call psychology a science. Scientists cannot claim that they can make reliable predictions about human behaviour. Berezow (2015) said that while psychology does use the scientific method for its experiments, it may still be limited by the limitations inherent to psychology (such a difficulty in properly defining terms as well as quantifying data).
Henriques (2016) defines science as “the pursuit and application knowledge and understanding of nature and society following a systematic methodology that is based on evidence.” Henriques (2016) defines science as “the pursuit and application of knowledge and understanding of the natural and social world following a systematic methodology based on evidence”. The fourth element, he claimed, is what defines psychology as science. First, to show that you have made assumptions based on empirical data and are open to natural, logic, objectives and other causes. Second, to show that you have scepticism about tradition and supernatural interference. The second point concerns the research methodology used to learn the third point. These knowledge resources allow scientists to advance their scientific inquiry. The cultural value of science is a rhetorical one. He also mentioned Bezerow’s statement that real scientists have the right of defense. On the other side, psychologists who consider psychology science claim that even though human behavior research is complex, psychology should be considered science. Henriques (2016) stated that academic psychologists who focus on empirical studies indirectly considered themselves scientists. Henriques (2016) claimed that scepticism does not stem from the mentality or methods of psychologists. It is human behaviour, not psychology. He believed that the missing conceptual core is what enables mainstream psychologists to agree on the reasons. Paul Meehl (1978), said that it was a sad fact that theories in soft psychology rise and fall, more so as a function astronomy and molecular biological biology than any other factor; and that there is a disturbing absence in the concept of a clear conceptual core that all mainstream psychologists can agree on. He concluded that psychology could be called science if it is defined using scientific methods and valuable research about the mind and behaviour of humans and animals. The lack of a systematic and consolidated knowledge base makes psychology not a scientific discipline. In summary, psychology is not science or art. It has many unresolved views. I believe psychology is somewhere between art and science. Psychology is an extensive discipline that I view as a multidisciplinary topic. The psychology field is both science-art. Psychology studies can solve problems in the social, educational, and criminal worlds. Gestalt Psychology, which has helped us to see the beauty and value of art, is another example. John B. Watson and Skinner were behaviour psychologists who contributed to behavioural therapy. Psychoanalysis by Sigmund Freud has contributed to personality studies as well as mental illness. Jean Piaget was a pioneer in cognitive development, which helped to create the educational field about how children learn. Psychology studies the behaviour and mind of humans. It should be considered a separate field, which can cross-link or be used as an independent discipline. “Psychology can improve its leadership in interdisciplinary enterprises but only if its teaching programmes emphasize both basic training in psychological theory and methodology and bridge gaps with other disciplines (e.g., with the biomedical disciplines in psychobiology, with sociology and political science in social psychology, with management and technology programs in industrial-organisational psychology, with computer science, mathematics, and statistics in computational neuroscience, and with psychiatry in clinical and personality psychology). It is our challenge to incorporate appropriate interdisciplinary training in the psychology programme curriculum while maintaining the strong, traditional Psychology.